Mariza Daycare adalah tempat penitipan anak yang menyediakan kebutuhan orang tua untuk mengasuh anak-anak mereka sementara orang tua mereka bekerja. Setiap orang tua ingin memberikan yang terbaik bagi anak-anak mereka, dan juga ingin menjadi dekat dengan mereka. Beberapa orang tua merasa khawatir ketika mereka harus meninggalkan anak-anak mereka dengan pengasuh.Dengan semua masalah-masalah orang tua memiliki, kami mencoba untuk datang dengan solusi terbaik yang ada.
Pendirian Satuan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (PAUD) non formal seperti Kelompok Bermain (KB)/ Taman Penitipan Anak (TPA)/ Satuan pendidikan anak usia dini sejenis (SPS) harus memenuhi persyaratan administratif dan teknis. Tidak ada aturan yang secara eksplisit mengenai syarat jumlah peserta didik yang harus dipenuhi jika ingin mendirikan PAUD (KB/TPA/SPS). Bahwa Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Bustanul Athfal (BA), Kelompok Bermain (KB), Taman Penitipan Anak (TPA), dan Satuan PAUD Sejenis (SPS). Pendidikan Nonformal yang selanjutnya disebut PNF adalah bentuk Satuan Pendidikan yang meliputi Lembaga. Ketua dan Sekretaris BAN dapat membuat kebijakan berdasarkan rapat pleno.
PENDIRIAN TAMAN PENITIPAN ANAK (TPA) A. Pe ndiri Taman Penitipan Anak (TPA) dapat didirikan oleh: 1. Pemerintah kabupaten/kota. Pemerintah desa. Orang perseorangan. Kelompok orang. Orang perseorangan adalah warga negara Indonesia yang cakap hukum berdasarkan ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan. Kelompok orang.
Terletak di daerah Cipedak Jagakarsa, Mariza Daycare memiliki lingkungan yang nyaman, dengan sirkulasi sangat baik udara, safeties, kebersihan, kenyamanan, dan pendidikan yang membuat kita berbeda. Serasa rumah ke dua buat anak anak.Dengan tahap program pengembangan anak-anak (0-5 tahun), Mariza Daycare berusaha untuk memberikan yang terbaik terhadap karakter tumbuh kembang anak anda. Disinilah dimulainya anak anak yang cemerlang menjadi anak anak yang hebat di kemudian hari.Beberapa fasilitas yang kami tawarkan adalah Online CCTV, indoor playroom, AC-ed nap rooms, Makanan Sehat, Playground, Kolam renang kecil utk anak balita, Baby Spa and report harian Post navigation. I and my pals appeared to be looking at the great secrets and techniques located on your site then quickly came up with an awful suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for them. These people are actually so very interested to read through them and already have quite simply been having fun with these things. Thank you for actually being really accommodating and also for pick out this sort of beneficial useful guides most people are really wanting to know about.
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Peraturan Pembuatan Taman Penitipan Anak Di
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My daughter is almost 10 months old, and she’s not yet able to bear her full weight on her legs. (She can put her feet down only for a second or two.) Her hips have been checked twice now, and everything seems to be fine — but I’m not so sure! She just started to sit on her own and is not yet crawling.
She was also born breech. Could this be a factor?A. It sounds as if you know your daughter very well and your mothering instincts are telling you to be concerned.
I once had a patient whose developmental issues were similar to your daughter’s. The patient’s mother said to me, “I’m going to camp out in your office until you find out what’s wrong with my baby.” Her statement really got my attention — she truly believed there was something wrong with her child. Her conviction pushed me to keep searching until we found the right diagnosis.
I encourage you to listen to your instincts and to take the following steps:Keep a developmental journal. It’s wise to chart your baby’s development, especially in regards to her muscle strength, so that her doctor can compare each month to the last. Progression is more important than timing — this is the golden rule of infant development. When your baby achieves a skill is not as important as her normal progression from sitting up to crawling to standing. If your daughter plateaus, showing little change in development over a two-month period, there’s true cause for concern, but if she’s simply slower than other babies in her age group, there’s not. Although your daughter is not yet crawling, the fact that she is now able to sit up on her own (in contrast to last month) indicates that her infant motor development (the ability to get more and more of her body off the ground) is progressing.Evaluate total baby development.
Take note of your baby’s other skills. Is her fine motor movement normal?
Does she reach and grab for objects, transfer them from hand to hand, and pick things up with her thumb and forefinger? Is her visual and social development normal? Does she vocalize and babble, follow you around the room when you walk by, and wave her arms to mimic you? Even if her inability to bear weight on her legs is an isolated finding (meaning the rest of her development is normal), it’s still an important observation.Consider your baby’s temperament.
Babies with an easy temperament develop social skills earlier, but motor skills later. They’re more content to lie around and observe their surroundings than to crawl around.
Hyper babies tend to be motor babies, and are quicker to sit up, crawl, and walk. Body type also plays a part: leaner babies tend to sit up and crawl sooner than babies who have a big and round body type, although there is still wide variation in this observation.Consult a developmental specialist. Ask your doctor to refer you to an infant development specialist who can perform a thorough neurological and developmental evaluation. The specialist will examine your baby’s social, visual, fine motor, and large motor development.
To make the most of this evaluation, bring your journal along: The specialist will want to know what your baby’s developmental milestone progression has been over the last few months.Check out baby’s hip development. Breech babies are prone to dislocated hips, also called developmental hip dysplasia. This is because the breech position can prevent the ball-and-socket hip joint from developing properly. Dislocated hips can usually be diagnosed during a routine pediatric exam, but sometimes it’s difficult to tell just by maneuvering the hip joint.
I strongly advise you to ask your pediatrician to order an X-ray or MRI of your baby’s hips to ensure the hip joints are developing normally.Enjoy your baby. You can encourage your daughter’s development simply by playing with her. Lie down on the floor next to her, head to head: This encourages her to raise her head and shoulders off the floor. Crawl around on the floor next to her: She’ll be enticed to mimic you.
Encourage her to bear weight on her feet by holding both of her hands. Give her toys to transfer from hand to hand.
My book, The Baby Book, is a useful resource for interacting with your baby. You’ll find activities you can do with her that will encourage her social, visual, and muscular development at every stage. Choosing appropriate child care for your infant or young child can seem as overwhelming as helping your teenager select a college or university. As a parent, it is your responsibility to ensure that your child is safe and happy in a child care environment that is fun, educational, and nurturing. Here are some tips for making such an important decision. Your Child and FamilyAbout 70% of parents place their young children in some type of daily care. Whether you choose in-home or center-based care, a preschool, or someone else’s home for your child’s daily care setting, you should follow some specific guidelines to ensure receiving quality, professional care.Most important is to know your own child’s temperament, likes and dislikes, health, interests, and behavior.
For a baby under 1 year old, give careful attention to your child’s need to be nurtured and held, any special health needs, and the type of person you want to care for your child during the first year of life. For an older child, developing and learning styles, interaction with other kids, intellectual curiosity, and need for individualized attention should be considered.The family’s own values and emotional needs also come into play. Some parents are overly anxious about leaving their very young child with one person, while others prefer this individual care. But by age 3 or 4, it’s good for kids to have at least some exposure to other kids and participate in a structured program like preschool or daycare.Before choosing a care setting, you should be aware of the options available and consider cost, location, and reputation.
Make a list of qualities you’re looking for in a caregiver or day care, such as experience, religious background, discipline beliefs, and flexibility. The International Nanny Association (INA) recommends that you interview any prospective hire at least twice and that you conduct a criminal background check, which is usually done by most placement agencies.Besides inquiring about training in early childhood development, ask a potential nanny or au pair:. Why are you interested in working with young children?. Why did you leave your last job?
(You should always check references; ask that family why the relationship ended and whether they would recommend that caregiver.). What is your policy?
(Offer “what if” scenarios. For example, if a child hits another child or throws a over a toy someone else is playing with, what should the consequences be?). How will you provide new experiences to enhance my child’s mental and physical development? What opportunities can you offer to experience art, music, group and individual play, and indoor and outdoor play?.
How would you handle toilet teaching?. How would you handle separation anxiety?If you’re considering a day care center or other group setting, spend some time observing the center and talking to parents with kids there. Ask these questions in addition to those above:. Do you have an open-door policy on parent visits?. What are alternative arrangements for care if the program closes?
On what holidays is the center closed?. What is your policy on caring for sick children?. How do you monitor kids on the playground? How old is the equipment and has it recently been inspected?.
How are kids grouped? By age?. Do you welcome children of varying ethnic, cultural, and religious backgrounds to the program?
Do you include kids with special needs?. What are the educational backgrounds of the teachers?In evaluating the responses to your questions, carefully consider how the philosophy of child rearing, discipline, and nurturing meshes with your personal vision of how your child should be guided and cared for each day.Finally, do you have a sense of trust in this person or program?
Do you believe that your child will be happy and have the opportunity to learn and grow in this environment?If none of the candidates meet your expectations, don’t settle for best of the worst. Instead, review your job requirements, begin your search again, and consider asking neighborhood parents or coworkers for recommendations. In-Home CareSome parents prefer the one-on-one contact an in-home care provider can offer, especially for an infant. Parents or couples with full-time careers may find that their work schedules require them to hire an in-home care provider for their child. Trying to juggle overtime, business trips, and child care demands can be impossible without live-in help. If you do need to hire a nanny or au pair, seek the services of licensed agencies with experience.A nanny is someone who works on a live-in or live-out basis performing child care and perhaps some minimal household duties related to child care. Usually unsupervised during the day, the nanny has a workweek that is typically 40 to 60 hours.
Nannies hired through agencies usually have minimal training in caring for young children.An au pair also provides in-home care and lives with the family and cares for the child under the direct supervision of the parents. He or she often seeks work far away from home, as a kind of cultural learning experience. Au pairs often assist with light housework and work about 40 to 60 hours per week. Au pairs, who usually are young, may or may not have any child care training or experience. The Fine PrintOnce you’ve hired a caregiver, draw up a specific contract outlining expected duties, hours, salary, paid vacation, and sick leave; include parental obligations as part of that contract. Establish a review date within a few months to discuss how the arrangement is working and to fine-tune the agreement. Observe the caregiver’s interaction with your child routinely and unexpectedly.
The AAP guidelines for child care are:AgeBirth-24 mos.25-30 mos.31-35 mos.3 yrs.4-5 yrs.Child:Staff3:14:15:17:18:1Max. Group size68101416Homes and CentersDay care homes offer child care in the caregiver’s home, often with a single adult supervising the children. Center-based care includes day care centers and preschools employing several adults to care for larger groups of children.In either case, both the AAP and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) recommend that the home or agency be licensed and regularly inspected. Caregivers should have basic training in and early childhood development. There should also be clearly written policies on sick children and discipline. Voluntary accreditation with the NAEYC or the National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC) usually indicates that the center is committed to providing quality care and must participate in ongoing child development programs.Health, safety, and hygiene must be given priority in all settings. All kids and staff members should have current immunizations; staff should have clear criminal background checks.
The facility must be childproofed and all staff members should wear disposable gloves when changing diapers. Toys should be disinfected regularly and frequent hand washing should be promoted among the staff and kids to minimize the spread of infection.You should also expect that your child will be assigned to the same caregiver to promote a sense of security and consistency. Inquire about the rate of staff resignations; low staff turnover minimizes the need for young children to repeatedly adjust to new caregivers. PreschoolsPreschools, as the name indicates, provide an educational program for young children before starting kindergarten or elementary school.
Many day care centers now also incorporate early childhood curricula into their programs. Tempat Penitipan AnakRUMAH KEDUA BAGI ANAK WANITA PEKERJAMeninggalkan si buah hati saat bekerja, terkadang menimbulkan kecemasan bagi ibu-ibu yang bekerja. Nah, kehadiran tempat penitipan anak bisa menjadi salah satu solusi bagi mereka.Tempat penitipan anak (TPA) atau kerap disebut daycare mulai banyak ditemukan di kota-kota besar. Biasanya terletak di dalam sebuah instansi atau dekat dengan perkantoran. Kehadiran daycare merupakan salah satu pemecahan masalah bagi kaum wanita yang bekerja. Salah satu TPA di Bandung adalah Telkom Daycare (TD).
TD berada di lantai satu Gedung Kantor Pusat Telkom yang berada di lingkungan perkantoran yang cukup padat di Jalan Japati, Bandung.Keberadaan TD dirintis oleh anggota Dharma Wanita Telkom (yang pada saat itu masih aktif) pada tahun 1994. Semula, mereka hanya meminta pada perusahaan agar menyediakan ruang laktasi bagi karyawati yang sedang menyusui anaknya. Akhirnya, rencana tersebut berkembang menjadi didirikannya daycare yang menampung anak-anak karyawati Telkom.Kini, TD juga menerima anak-anak karyawati dari perkantoran di sekitarnya. Menurut Rini Aman Nasution (33), Ketua Pengurus TD, hal tersebut karena kapasitas ruang daycare tidak selalu penuh. Ada masa tidak banyak karyawati Telkom yang menitipkan anaknya di TD. “Kami, kan, tidak ingin kegiatan daycare vakum.”Kehadiran TD diharapkan dapat menjadi rumah kedua bagi anak-anak ketika orang tua mereka harus bekerja. Selain itu, “Kami juga berusaha mendukung program pemerintah agar ibu-ibu memberikan ASI eksklusif kepada anaknya selama enam bulan,” tutur Rini.YANG PENTING SABARDemi kenyamanan anak-anak, TD menyediakan sebuah ruang yang cukup luas yang dilengkapi dengan fasilitas listrik dan AC yang memadai.
Anak-anak usia balita hingga enam tahun bisa bermain dan beraktivitas secara berkelompok. Dengan aktivitas ini, waktu seolah cepat berlalu bagi anak-anak.Tiap hari para pengasuh TD mengajak para anak asuhnya untuk jalan-jalan di sekitar lokasi gedung. “Biasanya, sih, cuma jalan-jalan pagi atau sore di lapangan depan kantor.
Tapi, kalau cuaca sedang enggak bagus, cukup bermain-main saja di dalam ruangan,” papar Endang Kartika M (40) salah satu pengelola TD yang juga menitipkan kedua anaknya di TD.Dikatakan Endang, TD memilih untuk bersikap fleksibel dalam memberikan pilihan aktivitas bagi anak-anak. Pengasuh akan memberikan kebebasan pada tiap anak untuk melakukan kegiatan yang disukai. “Ada yang lebih suka mencorat-coret atau menggambar di atas kertas. Ada pula yang memilih bermain bersama teman-temannya,” tutur Endang.Masih menurut Endang, operasional TD dilaksanakan oleh para anggota Dharma Wanita sendiri. Mereka juga yang mencari tenaga pengasuh untuk menjaga dan merawat anak-anak selama jam kerja berlangsung. “Pengasuh tidak memiliki latar belakang pendidikan seperti baby sitter.
Yang penting mereka bisa ngemong, sabar, dan telaten menghadapi anak-anak,” ujar ibu empat anak ini.Menurut Endang, TD juga menyediakan tenaga kesehatan buat anak-anak. “Kami mempercayakan kontrol kesehatan anak-anak pada Poliklinik Kesehatan yang dikelola perusahaan,” ujar Endang seraya menyebutkan biaya per bulan menitipkan anak-anak di TD sebesar Rp 300 ribu. DIAJARI SALING BERBAGIDi Jakarta juga ada beberapa tempat yang menyediakan jasa penitipan anak, salah satunya Keen Kids Daycare (KKD) yang terletak di Apartemen Park Royale, Jakarta Pusat. Berbeda dari TD, KKD dikelola oleh swasta. KKD sengaja memilih lokasi di pusat perkantoran, dimana orang tua bisa menitipkan anak-anaknya sepanjang jam kerja berlangsung.Melani Quintania, pengelola Keen Kids Park Royale, mengungkapkan pihaknya membuat suasana nyaman bagi anak-anak selama berada di daycare. Untuk mendukung aktivitas anak-anak, KKD memisahkan tiap ruangan berdasarkan fungsinya.
Misalnya saja pemisahan ruang tidur bagi bayi dan anak-anak usia 1,5 tahun ke atas. Selain itu tersedia juga ruang makan dan ruang bermain yang cukup luas.
“Kami juga menyiapkan arena bermain di luar ruangan seperti taman bermain dan arena kolam renang,” papar Melani seraya mengatakan KKD sudah ada di Apartemen Park Royale sejak tahun 2000.Menurut Melani, anak-anak didampingi pengasuh yang sudah dibekali pengetahuan khusus dalam merawat anak. Khusus untuk pengasuh yang menangani bayi, diberikan pelatihan tambahan perawatan bayi.
“Kami mencari pengasuh yang sayang dan gampang dekat dengan anak-anak. Di sini para pengasuh biasa dipanggil dengan sebutan kakak. Seorang pengasuh diserahi tanggung jawab mengurus tiga orang anak sekaligus,” tutur Melani.Para orang tua yang menitipkan anaknya di KKD mendapatkan laporan detail mengenai pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak-anaknya. Setiap hari, pihak orang tua anak juga bisa melihat jadwal aktivitas dan pola makan anak mereka dari buku laporan harian. “Orang tua bisa mengecek anak-anak mereka minum dan makan apa saja hari itu. Hasil report aktivitas yang mereka jalani juga kami cantumkan,” ungkap Melani.KKD menerapkan jadwal yang lebih terperinci untuk mengatur kegiatan anak-anak.
Pagi hari, biasanya dimulai dengan acara mandi, dilanjutkan dengan sun bathing (berjemur) di area sekitar daycare. Tak lama setelah jalan-jalan dan berjemur, anak-anak diharuskan untuk sarapan pagi bersama. Menu makanan selama sebulan telah ditentukan oleh pengelola sesuai dengan standar gizi empat sehat lima sempurna. “Selama kegiatan makan, anak-anak diajari untuk duduk rapi di meja dan kursi yang didesain khusus sesuai usia mereka.”Seusai waktu tidur siang, anak-anak dijadwalkan untuk melakukan aktivitas indoor maupun outdoor. Untuk aktivitas di luar ruangan, KKD mengajak anak-anak untuk belajar berenang di area kolam renang apartemen. Kegiatan dalam ruangan KKD sendiri sangat bervariasi.
Mulai dari flash card, english class dan art class. “Kami menerapkan konsep bermain sambil belajar. Anak-anak diajak untuk bermain balok, kartu, dan puzzle dalam bahasa Inggris. Semua aktivitas dalam asuhan guru/ pengajar yang berpengalaman,” papar Melani yang saat ini menampung 28 anak.Aktifitas di daycare membuat anak-anak belajar bersosialisasi dengan rekan sebayanya. Mereka belajar saling berbagi dan bertoleransi baik dalam bermain maupun belajar bersama. Sebab, anak-anak harus menggunakan mainan ataupun fasilitas lain di daycare secara bergiliran.
“Dari situ mereka belajar untuk mau mengalah dan tidak menang sendiri,” tutur Melani.Untuk biaya, KKD mematok antara Rp 600 ribu- Rp 1,4 juta. Biaya yang paling mahal ini untuk merawat bayi yang masih menyusui.TAK WASWAS LAGIBanyak orang tua yang merasakan keuntungan dengan menitipkan anak di daycare. Hal ini diungkapkan Ema Eviatin (39), karyawati Telkom Pusat, Bandung. “Saya merasa senang dengan adanya daycare di perusahaan. Saya enggak waswas lagi meninggalkan anak saya Ira (4) ketika bekerja,” ungkap Ema yang bekerja di bagian Finance Center Telkom Bandung.Hal positif lainnya, anak-anak menjadi lebih disiplin dan mandiri.
Kebiasaan baik yang diterapkan di daycare terbawa hingga ke rumah. “Anak saya yang semula tergolong susah makan, jadi lebih gampang makan. Nafsu makannya membaik ketika melihat teman-temannya seusianya makan dengan lahap,” ungkap Ema.Ungkapan senada disampaikan Yanti (33), karyawati di perusahaan asuransi yang menitipkan anak tunggalnya, Sekar (6), di KKD. “Sekarang, Sekar lebih disiplin dan mandiri.
Saya percaya, setiap program KKD membuat anak mendapatkan stimulan dan rangsangan lebih dalam untuk menggali potensi dirinya. Tiap anak akan di-support untuk mengembangkan bakat dan minatnya masing-masing,” papar Yanti.Sebelum menitipkan anaknya di KKD, Yanti memberi pengertian pada buah hatinya. “Sebagai single parents, saya biasa mengajak Sekar bicara secara dewasa. Saya bilang ibu harus bekerja, jadi kamu harus sekolah dan tinggal di sini selama ibu kerja. Untungnya, dia enjoy dengan lingkungan di sini,” tutur Yanti yang sempat melakukan survei ke beberapa daycare sebelum mendaftarkan anaknya di KKD.Memang ada beberapa pertimbangan sebelum orang tua menentukan daycare untuk anak-anaknya. Mereka biasanya akan mencari referensi melalui kerabat maupun internet. Salah satu pertimbangan Yanti, lokasinya dekat dengan tempatnya bekerja.
Dengan kehadiran daycare, Ema dan Yanti tak resah lagi saat meninggalkan anak-anaknya untuk bekerja. M Baitul Alim Kamis, 3 Des 2009 05:41 WIBDunia kognitif masa anak anak prasekolah adalah kreatif, bebas, dan penuh imajinasi. Di dalam seni mereka, matahari kadang kadang berwarna hijau, dan langit berwarna kuning. Mobil mengambang di awan, dan manusia seperti kecebong. Imajinasi anak anak prasekolah terus bekerja, dan daya serap mental mereka tentang dunia semakin meningkat. Bahasan tentang perkembangan kognitif masa awal anak anak kali ini berfokus pada tahap pemikiran praoperasional piaget.Pada tahap masa awal anak, seorang anak telah memasuki perkembangan kognitif tahap praoperasional. Menurut piaget, tahap ini terjadi pada usia anak mencapai 2 hingga 7 tahun.
Pada tahap inilah konsep yang stabil dibentuk, penalaran mental muncul, egosentrisme mulai kuat dan kemudian melemah, serta keyakinan pada hal hal yang magis terbentuk.Pemikiran praoperasional adalah awal kemampuan untuk merekonstruksi pada tingkat pemikiran apakah seorang anak dalam melakukan sesuatu. Pemikiran praoperasional juga mencakup peralihan penggunaan simbol dari yang primitif kepada yang lebih canggih. Pemikiran praoperasional dapat dibagi ke dalam dua subtahap: subtahap fungsi simbolis dan subtahap pemikiran intuitif.Subtahap Fungsi SimbolisSubtahap Fungsi Simbolis ( symbolic function subtange) adalah subtahap pertama pemikiran praoperasional yang terjadi sekitar usia 2 hingga 4 tahun. Pada subtahap ini, anak anak mengembangkan kemampuan untuk membayangkan secara mental suatu objek yang tidak ada. Kemampuan untuk berpikir simbolis semacam ini disebut dengan fungsi simbolis dan kemampuan itu mengembangkan secara cepat dunia mental anak.
Hal yang paling bisa diamati adalah anak kecil menggunakan desain corat coret untuk menggambarkan manusia, rumah, mobil, awan, dan lain lain.Anak anak kecil tidak terlalu peduli dengan realitas, gambar gambar yang mereka buat penuh daya cipta. Matahari biru, langit kuning, dan mobil mengambang diawan, semua itu adalah dunia simbolis dan imajinatif mereka.Egosentrisme ( egocentrism) adalah suatu ciri pemikiran praoperasional yang menonjol. Egosentrisme adalah suatu ketidakmampuan untuk membedakan perspektif diri dengan perspektif oranglain. Anak belum memiliki kemampuan untuk merasakan apa yang dirasakan, dilihat dan dipikirkan oleh oranglain, ia lebih cenderung untuk melihat sesuatu dari sudut padang dirinya sendiri.Animisme ( animism) adalah bentuk lain pemikiran praoperasional. Animisme adalah keyakinan bahwa objek yang tidak bergerak memiliki suatu kehidupan dan dapat bertindak.
Anak kecil dapat menunjukkan pemikiran animisme dengan mengatakan seperti: “Ma, pohon itu mendorong daunnya biar bergerak gerak agar daunya jatuh”. Anak kecil menggunakan animisme karena sulit membedakan kejadian kejadian yang tepat bagi penggunaan perspektif manusia dan buka manusia.Namun sebagian developmentalis percaya bahwa animisme merupakan pengetahuan dan pemahaman yang kurang lengkap, bukan suatu pemahaman menetap tentang dunia. Perlu untuk menjelaskan lebih lanjut agar terbentuk pemahaman yang lebih lengkap tentang dunia.Subtahap Pemikiran IntuitifSubtahap pemikiran intuitif ( intuitive thought substage) adalah subtahap kedua pemikiran praoperasional yang terjadi sekira usia 4 hingga 7 tahun. Pada tahap ini, anak anak mulai menggunakan penalaran primitif dan ingin tahu jawaban atas semua bentuk pertanyaan.Piaget menyebut pada periode waktu ini anak anak tampaknya begitu yakin tantang pengetahuan dan pemahaman mereka, tetapi belum begitu sadar bagaimana mereka tahu apa yang mereka ketahui itu.
Lebih jelasnya mereka mengatakan mengetahui sesuatu, tetapi mengetahuinya dengan cara tidak menggunakan pemikiran rasional.Centration terbukti paling jelas terjadi pada awal anak anak yang kekurangan pemahaman conservation. Conservation adalah suatu keyakinan akan keabadian atribut objek atau situasi tertentu terlepas dari perubahan yang bersifat dangkal. Seorang dewasa akan dapat membedakan dengan jelas jumlah suatu cairan (air) yang dipindah dari sebuah piring kedalam gelas dengan mengatakan jumlah cairan tetap sama.
Tetapi tidak dengan anak kecil, sebaliknya mereka tertipu oleh tinggi cairan akibat tinggi gelas.Karakteristik lain anak anak praperasional adalah mereka menanyakan serentetan pertanyaan. Pertanyaan pertanyaan anak yang paling awal tampak kira kira pada usia 3 tahun, dan pada usia 5 tahun mereka membuat pusing orang orang dewasa disekitarnya karena lelah menjawab pertanyaan pertanyaan ”mengapa” mereka.Pertanyaan pertanyaan meraka menunjukkan akan perkembangan mental dan mencerminkan rasa ingin tahu intelektual mereka.Ppertanyaan pertanyaan ini menandai munculnya minat anak anak akan penalaran dan penggambaran kenapa sesuatu seperti itu.
Seperti mengapa matahari bersinar, mengapa adik ada diperut ibu, mengapa ada orang di televisi, dan lain lain.Dengan mengetahui dan membahas sejumlah karakteristik perkembangan kognitif anak pada tahap pemikiran praoperasional, diharapkan bisa membantu anda mengingat karakteristik ini untuk memahami bagaimana taraf berpikir anak pada usia awal anak anak. Kadang-kadang, orangtua melapor bahwa si kecil sangat pendiam. Saat ditanya suaranya lirih dan tidak beraktivitas saat istirahat.
Padahal saat di rumah si kecil sangat aktif. Dia suka berlari-lari dalam rumah dan tidak berhenti bicara.Selama ini rumah adalah tempat aman bagi si kecil untuk melakukan banyak hal karena dia sudah mengenal tiap sudut ruang dan orang-orang di dalamnya. Ia pun memahami aturan di rumah walaupun sering ia langgar.Sebaliknya di sekolah, merupakan tempat yang relatif baru bagi si kecil. Guru dan teman-teman adalah orang baru yang harus dihadapi dengan cara berbeda. Ada peraturan yang harus ia taati, dan mengikuti setiap kegiatan. Tidak ada yang boleh memanjat meja atau berlarian dalam kelas.
Tak ada yang boleh menjerit atau bicara berteriak-teriak.Bila kemudian si kecil menjadi pendiam di sekolah bukan berarti dia jago kandang atau pengecut. Sisi positif dari sikapnya itu adalah bahwa anak paham ia tak boleh berbuat semaunya seperti di rumah. Ia juga memahami bahwa ia harus bersikap sopan pada guru dan teman. Sehingga ketika menjawab pertanyaan pun ia akan berusaha untuk tidak berteriak. REQUIREMENTS FOR ENROLLMENTDuring the interview you received a checklist which covers requirements for enrollment. This must be followed in order to enroll your child. All paperwork must be received before your child may start.Before you leave your child the first day, it is wise to make a visit with the child during my regular day care hours (mornings are best, since the children sleep in the afternoons).
This way your child gets to see what happens in day care and gives him/her a chance to meet the other children and me. This visit is a good time to bring any items you need to leave here (e.g., diapers, extra clothing, etc.) I am required to have a complete change of clothes for each child. If you or your child is very uneasy about day care, at least two visits are recommended: the first during my off hours when your child will not be overwhelmed by the other children and the noise, and will have all the toys available to him/her. During this time I will be able to give your child undivided attention. The second visit could be during regular day care hours.MY PHILOSOPHY OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONI believe children should have fun! After all, even the experts agree that preschool age children learn most through play.
These carefree years are so short, and soon the children will be exposed to a much more structured form of learning. During the month, many activities take place which help promote basic skills (letter & number recognition, color & shape recognition, large motor skills, small motor skills, etc.).INDOOR PLAYIndoor Play constitutes the majority of our play time (when the entire year is averaged). I provide a variety of age-appropriate toys for your child to play with. Since the ages of the children I watch vary, all the toys I have are safe for even the youngest. It is preferred that no toys be brought from home, I will not be responsible for toys from home that get broken or lost at day care. The responsibility remains with the child and the parents.OUTDOOR PLAYPlease dress your child appropriately for the current weather, and in play clothes (with shoes that adequately protect the feet and are not slick-soled — tennis shoes are a good choice).
When the weather cooperates we will spend time outdoors, ranging from a walk to more time spent outside as the weather permits.NAPSAll children under the age of five are required to have a rest time (and I haven’t met one yet who doesn’t need it!). I will provide a safe, warm, quiet place for your child to rest. Children two and older will sleep on a mat or sleeping bag in the quiet room. Children under the age of two will always be in a crib or playpen. Children who wake up before the rest will be guided in finding a quiet time activity to engage in that will not disturb any sleeping children.I do not wake a sleeping child during naps; if they are sleeping I feel they need to sleep.CURRICULUMI incorporate preschool curriculum into our daily activities for fun and to prepare the older children for school.Our Daily activity:07.00 Good morning, Welcome07.30 breakfast n milk08.30 free.